Senate of Pakistan is the Upper House of the Parliament. Being the House of the Federation, the Senate of Pakistan gives equal representation to all the federating units in order to promote national cohesion and harmony by counterbalancing the numerical disparity among provinces in the National Assembly. Senate of Pakistan is a permanent House, which symbolizes a process of continuity in the national affairs. Senate of Pakistan was formed with a principle of 'Chamber of continuity.' In order to ensure smooth transition of power of lower house and government, this house remains in place to oversee the process. The matters in federal legislative list can be initiated in any of the Houses, except money bill, which is sent to the Senate only for recommendations. The term of the Members of Senate is six years, however, one half of its members retire after every three years.