Act – A Bill passed by the Parliament or the National Assembly and assented to by the President.

Adjournment of Debate – Postponement of a debate on a Motion/Resolution/Bill on which the House is then engaged to some other time or date.

Adjournment of the sitting of the House – An adjournment terminates the sitting of the House, which meets again at the time appointed for the next sitting.

Adjournment sine die – Termination of a sitting of the House without specifying a date for the next sitting.

Amendment – Means a motion to amend an earlier motion before that earlier motion is put to the House for its decision.

Assembly – Means the National Assembly.

Bill – Bill means a motion for making a law.

Budget – Annual financial statement of the estimated receipts and expenditures of the Government of Pakistan in respect of a financial year.

Calendar of Sittings – A provisional calendar of sittings showing the days on which Senate is to sit and the nature of business to be transacted by it.

Casting Vote – The vote cast by the Chairman, or a person acting as such in the House or by a Chairman Committee or a person acting as such in a Committee meting, in case of an equality of votes on a matter.

Chairman – Means the Chairman of the Senate and includes the Deputy Chairman or in relation to a particular Committee, a member who is performing the functions of the Chairman.

Chamber – The place where the Senate meets to transact its business.

Closure – It is one of the means by which a debate may be brought to a close by a majority decision of the House, even though all members wishing to speak have not done so.

Committee – Means a Committee constituted under the Rules of Procedure and Conduct of Business in the Senate, 1988.

Crossing floor of the House – Passing between a member holding floor of the House and the Chair. To cross the floor is a breach of Parliamentary rules.

Constitution – Means the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan.

Dilatory Motion – A motion including a motion for the adjournment of a debate on any matter pending in the House with a view to frustrate the proceedings of the House.

Division – The mode of arriving at a decision on a proposed measure or question before the House by recording separately, votes for or against it.

Draw of lot – A method applied to determine the relative precedence of private members’ Bills and Resolutions, notices of questions, motions etc. or any other notice given by more than one member simultaneously for being taken up on the same day.

Expunction – Deletion of words, phrases or expressions from the proceedings or records of the Senate by an order of the Chairman which in his opinion are defamatory or indecent or unparliamentary or undignified.

Filibuster – One who obstructs legislation by unnecessary speeches, motions, etc.

Finance Bill – A Bill ordinarily introduced every year to give effect to the financial proposals of the Government of Pakistan for a financial year and includes a Bill to give effect to supplementary financial proposals for any period.

Gazette – The Gazette of Pakistan.

Government – Means the Federal Government.

Guillotine – It is a different form of closure of outstanding question or questions relating to the business in hand on expiry of the time allotted for discussion. It is not preceded by any motion. The Chairman forthwith puts the question without further debate.

Leader of the House – Means the Prime Minister or a member who is appointed by the Prime Minister to represent and regulate Government business in the Senate, on his behalf.

Leader of the Opposition – A member of the House, who is, for the time being, the leader in the Senate of the Party in opposition to the Government having the greatest numerical strength and recognized as such by the Chairman. Where there are two or more parties in opposition to the Government having the same numerical strength, the Chairman having regard to the status of parties recognizes any one of the leaders of such parties as the Leader of the Opposition and such recognition is final and conclusive.

Lobby – The covered corridor immediately adjoining the Chamber and co-terminus with it. Division Lobbies are situated on either side of the Chamber. The ‘Ayes’ Lobby is situated to the right of the Chairman’s Chair and the ‘Noes’ to its left.

Maiden Speech – The first speech of a member after his election for the first time. Such a member is, as a matter of courtesy, called upon by the Chairman to make his maiden speech in preference to others rising to speak at the same time. It is a recognized parliamentary convention that a member making maiden speech is not interrupted by another member.

Member in-charge of the Bill – The ‘member’ who introduces a Bill in the House.

Message – A communication from the President to a House or Houses of Parliament; and also a communication sent from one House of Parliament to the other House.

Minister – Means the Prime Minister, a Federal Minister or a Minister of State.

Money Bill – A Bill containing provisions dealing with all or any of the matters specified in Article 73 of the Constitution.

Motion – A formal proposal made by a member including a minister relating to any matter which may be discussed by the Senate and includes an amendment.

Motion of Thanks – A formal motion moved in the House, expressing its gratitude for the Address delivered by the President, under Article 56 of the Constitution, to either House or both the Houses assembled together.

Order, order – The Chairman sometimes pronounces this to call the House to order, or to ask the House to hear the Chair or a member holding the floor of the House. Generally, this call is made under various circumstances, including:-

When a member seeking to intervene is not allowed to interrupt

When a member speaking is found to be irrelevant

When a member is in any manner disorderly

When there is noise and confusion in the House and the Chair wants that order should prevail

When there is an occasion for the Chairman to speak on a matter of procedure at any time

Order of the Day – It means the list of business to be transacted by the Senate on one particular day.

Ordinance – A law promulgated by the President, when the National Assembly is not in session, in exercise of the powers vested in him by Article 89 of the Constitution.

Panel of Presiding Officers – A panel of three members of the Senate nominated by the Chairman at the commencement of each session, is known as panel of presiding officers. A presiding officer, in order of precedence, presides over a sitting of the Senate in the absence of Chairman and the Deputy Chairman.

Papers laid on the Table – The papers or documents laid on the Table of the House for purpose of bringing them on the record of the House by a Minister or by a private member or by the Secretary in pursuance of the provisions of the Constitution or the Rules of Procedure and Conduct of Business in the Senate, 1988. All papers so laid on the Table are either printed as part of the proceedings of the House or placed in the Library or kept in the appropriate file.

Point of Order – A point relating to the interpretation or enforcement of the Rules of Procedure or such Articles of the Constitution as regulate the business of the House, raised in the House. The decision of the Chairman as to whether a point raised is a point of order or not, is final.

Precincts of the Senate – Means and includes the Chamber (Main Hall of the Senate), the Lobbies, the Galleries and such other places as the Chairman may from time to time specify. The Chairman has specified that the entire building and compound of the Parliament House including the open Car Park near it forms part of the precincts of the Senate.

Presiding Officer – This means, in relation to a sitting, any person who is presiding over that sitting.

Private Member – This means a member other than a Minister.

Proposing the Question – When a member moving a certain motion has concluded his speech, the Chair proposes the question to which the motion relates in the following form: ‘Motion moved’ and reads the text of the motion. The discussion on the question commences after the question has been proposed by the Chair.

Prorogation – The termination of a session of the Senate sine-die by an order made by the President under Article 54 (1) or by the Chairman in terms of Article 54 (3) read with Article 61 of the Constitution.

Putting the Question – When a debate on a motion is closed, the Chairman reads the question to the House, beginning with “The question is, that.”

Allotment of days for Question – A list circulated indicating the days for answering questions and the last date for receiving notices of questions pertaining to various Ministries/Divisions/Departments.

Question Hour – The first hour of a sitting of the House except on private members’ day, is reserved for asking and answering of questions notices given of by the members.

Question of Privilege – A member may raise a question involving a breach of privilege either of a member or of the Senate or of a Committee thereof normally after disposal of questions.

Quorum – Means minimum number of members required to be present at a sitting of the House or a Committee for transaction of its business. The Quorum required during the course of a sitting of the Senate is one-fourth of the total membership of the Senate whereas the quorum required for a Committee meeting is three.

Resolution – Means a motion for the purpose of discussing and expressing an opinion on a matter of general public interest and includes resolutions specified in the Constitution.

Roll of Members – A register in which newly elected members sign, after making the oath and before taking their seats for the first time in the House.

Rule – Means the rules framed by the Senate for regulating its business. The existing rules are contained in a publication entitled “Rules of Procedure and Conduct of Business in the Senate, 1988.”

Schedule – Means a schedule appended to the Constitution, law or the rules, as the case may be.

Secretary – In the context of Senate means the Secretary of the Senate and includes any person for the time being performing the duties of the Secretary.

Session – Means the period commencing on the day of the first sitting of the Senate after having been summoned and ending on the day it is prorogued.

Short Notice Question – A question relating to a matter of urgent pubic importance asked with notice shorter than thirteen clear days.

Sitting – Means the meeting of the Senate or a Committee from the commencement of its business to the termination of the business for the day.

Starred Question – Means a question for an oral answer on the floor of the House. It is distinguished by an asterisk.

State – The State, under the Constitution (Article 7) means the Federal Government, Parliament, a Provincial Government, a Provincial Assembly, and such local or other authorities in Pakistan as are by law empowered to impose any tax or cess.

Statutory Resolution – Means a resolution in pursuance of a provision of the Constitution or an Act of Parliament.

Subordinate Legislation – Rules, regulations, orders, schemes, byelaws, etc. having the force of law, framed by the Executive or any other subordinate authority in pursuance of the power conferred on it by the Constitution or delegated to it by an Act of Parliament.

Summons – An official communication issued by the Secretary of the Senate, under the orders of the President or Chairman Senate, to the members of the Senate informing them of the place, date and time of the commencement of a session of the Senate.

Table – Means the Table of the Senate and includes its Library.

Unstarred Question – A question for a written reply by the Minister. In an unstarred question no supplementary question can be asked.